Phaselis: ancient city on the Mediterranean coast (Turkey)
In the province of Antalya not far from Kemer is the ancient coastal city of Phaselis, which is an important historic attraction of Turkey. If we are to believe the ancient Chronicles, the history of this Turkish city begins in the seventh century BC. That’s when it was founded by colonists from Rhodes in the head with Lamaison.
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Phaselis is located on the Mediterranean coast, it has three harbours. Until the present time in this ancient city preserved unique buildings Dating back to the period of the Byzantine and Roman empires.
Here you can see the ruins of the theatre, the Acropolis, the Agora, cemetery and Basilica. Also preserved and durable walls, which were built in the third century BC. In our days archeologists continue excavations on the territory of Phaselis, all the items found are transferred to the Antalya Museum.
Experts believe that the city’s name comes from the word “pasala” that Luwian language means “sea town”. With residents of the city of Phaselis were actionoutline Phoenician merchants, there are also traces of Byzantine influence.
Historians, based on the results of archaeological excavations and ancient documents claim that Phaselis was in the fifth century BC under the rule of the Persians, then was part of the Athenian sea Union. In 333 BC, the inhabitants of the city met even Alexander the great.
In the first century BC, this Mediterranean city was under the dominion of Rome. In this period there was considerable rebuilding and flourishing of the city, which lasted for three centuries.
In the fifth century of our era, Phaselis came under the influence of Vizani, from the seventh century there begin to dominate the Arabs. In the middle Ages the town is subjected to some pretty strong earthquakes, it gradually lost its importance as a seaport. These factors lead to the fact that in the thirteenth century left almost all the inhabitants.
Today to admire the beauty of the ancient town attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world, because these places give people the opportunity to touch the history of human civilization.