In Krasnoyarsk region have found traces of Neolithic settlements. Her age — 6 thousand years. Scientists suggest that here was located one of the first metallurgical production. Traces of ancient civilization discovered during the laying of power lines in Kezhemsk district, Krasnoyarsk territory. “Archaeological object was found in the area where was going to start work on laying of transmission lines from Boguchanskaya HPP to the village Tayshet”, — told in the press service of the SFU. Explore the find invited students and teachers of historical-philosophical faculty, and staff of the laboratory of archeology, Ethnography and history of Siberia Institute for the Humanities, SFU. Specialists have found that the age of the settlement, which was called “the Parking lot Itomura” (named after the closest Creek), — about 6 thousand years.
In total, the excavation found about 9 thousand of artifacts of different eras: the early iron age, the bronze age and the last stage of the stone age. Among the artifacts included iron arrowheads, knives, namesnik harness deer, stone hammers, teachnique, anvils and fragments of pottery. In addition, the excavations also produced samples of charcoal and soil from the cultural layers, hearths, vessels and ancient economic holes. Scientists believe that in ancient times there were engaged in metallurgy.
The layer of earth in which hranitelnitsa the number of artifacts that dates back to the early Neolithic period in Siberia it started about 6.5 million years ago. As noted, laboratory of archaeology, Ethnography and history of Siberia GI SFU Pauline Senotrusova, up to the present time in this part of the Boguchansky district did not find such ancient settlements. Continue reading
On the territory of the demolished hotel “Russia” found another old street, presumably of the XII century, according to the Institute of archaeology RAS.
During excavations in Zaryadye. where a unique landscape Park, scientists have discovered the oldest street of Moscow Posad – outside Great. It originated at a very early stage of development of the city – perhaps as early as the XII century.
According to Leonid Belyaev, head of the excavations, street led from the Kremlin to the Marina and is one of the oldest construction phase of the city in XII-XIII centuries.
During excavations, archaeologists found many ceramic items of the XV-XVII centuries and architectural details, carved stone 1490-1500, the fragment of a pilaster from the temple or Palace with rare ornamentation in the form of closely woven in a continuous carpet trehpryadnye bands.
We will remind, this summer, archaeologists found a wooden bridge of the seventeenth century, which according to historical plans lay on the Curve lane. This famous shopping street found in the Eastern part of the future Zaryadye Park.
Here were found the copper coins, crockery, small items of sculpture and even Shoe tips that could be lost by the inhabitants of ancient Zaryadye. Continue reading
The ancient Chinese were placed in burials of the bronze utensils to indicate the status of the relatives of the deceased
Archaeologists have proposed an alternative explanation for why ancient Chinese were placed in the graves of bronze and clay utensils. This was done not only to emphasize the status of the deceased, but also to increase the prestige of his heirs in the eyes of other members of the community.
Scientists engaged in the study of ancient Chinese ritual utensils of the bronze age (2100-221 BC), traditionally seen it as a way to establish social status of the deceased. The objects were placed in tombs, can be divided into two groups. First, it is carefully made of clay or bronze ritual vessels “lice”, which could be used with a practical purpose. The largest number was found “lice” refers to the period 1400-150 BC
The second group of ritual objects are things that due to brittle material or of irregular shape could not be used in life and were made specifically for placement in the grave. To such subjects – “mince” – include, for example, small terracotta figures.
In the burials Dating from the fourth century BC “mince” are often copies of “lice” and are richly decorated pottery vessels, reminiscent of the bronze samples.
Specialisto Chinese bronze and ceramics Joey Beckman from Beloit College (USA, Wisconsin) studied burials in the South of Hubei province, Dating back to IV–III centuries BC and belonged to the Chu Kingdom. The purpose of Professor Beckman was the study of objects placed in graves, and the explanation of the role played by two “sets” of these subjects: “mince and lice”. With the results of her work can be found in the journal Antiquity . Continue reading