Archaeological Museum of nice with its scale clearly does not correspond to the real historical significance of the city. One of the largest ports of the ancient Mediterranean — and just a few rooms with finds and exhibits, attached to the ruins of the Roman baths. However, to look at and there is something.
The archaeological Museum was born in nice in 1960 By this time, the city has grown to such an extent that included in its boundaries the hill of Cimiez (now the namesake of a city block), on which were situated the ruins of the ancient Roman city of Cemenelum, former trade competitor of Nicaea (ancient name nice). Several years of excavations have revealed many interesting exhibits for which it decided to organize the Museum.
The first time the entire collection was located on the ground floor located next to the Matisse Museum. Then, realizing that contemporary art and associated creation of antiquity, the authorities moved the Museum closer to the excavation site of Cemenelum — right between the amphitheatre and the baths. The Museum periodically updated with new finds right from the excavation site.
Exhibits a little. But there are interesting interactive solutions.
For example, you can check out her talents as an archaeologist.
Or an amphora to collect.
To compare original and restored copy.
Even Roman legionary helmet to try on. Continue reading
But if some of them are just curious, others rather frightening. Archaeologists – people are not shy, but sometimes from the bowels of the Earth they extract is that shocks even them. This article focuses on four such discoveries.
Pits with severed hands
During the excavation of the once magnificent Palace in the Egyptian city of Avaris, whose age is 3.5 thousand years, archaeologists found 4 pits with severed hands. Two of them were located in front of the building and two directly in his throne room. The head of the excavations, Manfred Bitak noted that all the limbs were right. Most of the remains were small, from which the expert concluded that these were the hands of adult men.
Historians believe that the found hand prove the existence of some ancient Egyptian traditions. The gist of it was this: the soldiers cut off the right hands of enemy soldiers and gave them to his commander, who then solemnly dropped “trophies” into the pit, and the men received a reward.
For Inca ritual “capacocha” was selected the most beautiful children. They were forced to climb into the Andes, on the mountaintops to die, freezing to please the gods. This ritual is performed as for any reason, and without it – that is,”just in case”. People believed that if a child was sacrificed this way, he will become immortal and equal to gods.
It is believed that the lion’s share of these sacrifices was opened in 1999 next to the volcano Llullaillaco, situated on the border between Argentina and Chile. A group of archaeologists led by Johan Reinhard has rolled back the stone that closed the entrance to the crypt, and found a terrible picture: among a large number of well-preserved ceremonial attributes were the mummified bodies of three frozen children. Continue reading
The name of the ancient Greek city of tyritake mentioned in the essay Greek writer of the fifth century CE the Pseudo-Arrian, the author of geographical works “Detour Euxine Pontus”. About Tyritake mentions the ancient Greek scientist and geographer Claudius Ptolemy (90 – CA. 168 ad) who laid the foundations of the study, he listed about 8,000 cities and localities with a precise indication of their geographical coordinates. His treatise made 26 special maps. Stephen the Byzantine (527-565 G. G.), a philosopher of the Alexandrian school consisted of ethno-geographical dictionary “Ethnica” (“Description of peoples”), on the basis of earlier works of numerous Greek and Latin authors, the works which were later lost. The ancient city of tyritake, archaeologists found 11 km South of Kerch, has the shape of an irregular quadrilateral, acute angle facing South. The area of the ancient city is about 8.5 ha. During the excavations of the ancient settlement, archaeologists found the southern part of the settlement two rows of defensive walls, a width of 1.70 — 1.80 meters high, built in the V century BC
In the Western part of the city of tyritake discovered two sites of earlier city wall, a width of about 2 meters. In the masonry of the West wall was found two stone sculptures of the second Millennium BC they are now in Kerchenskaja. In IV — III centuries BC the defensive wall of the city of tyritake were rebuilt. In the southern part of the citadel were found the defensive tower I stacked dry, without mortar, of large squared limestone. At the southern fortress wall is open cobbled street of the Hellenistic period along which was a drain and a standing stone houses. In Roman times paved streets were covered with gravel. In the Central part of the southern area of the city excavated the street width 4,80-5,30 meters, paved with gravel and clay shards. Continue reading