In the Archaeological Museum of Istanbul, presents rare works of art belonging to ancient civilizations in different regions from Balkans to Africa, from Anatolia and Mesopotamia to Arab Peninsula and Afghanistan that were part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1881, six years after the transfer of the Imperial Museum of antiquities and weapons from the Church. Irina in the pavilion was Repaired its Director was a prominent Turkish intellectual, artist and archaeologist Osman Hamdi Bey (1842-1910). The new Director has actively worked to transform the Museum . resembling just a warehouse of antique items of various values. Under his leadership, the archaeological excavations on the territory of the Ottoman Empire enriched the collection of the Museum many priceless masterpieces.
In 1891 under the order of Osman Hamdi Bey in Istanbul the famous architect, educated in Paris, Alexander Valluri (1850-1921) built a new building of the Archaeological Museum . called the Museum of sarcophagi (Asar-ı-Atika). In 1903, in connection with the increase in the number of exhibits were added the North wing, and in 1907 and South. In the design of the façade of this neoclassical building is clearly traced the motifs of the style of the most famous exhibits is the sarcophagus of Alexander and the Wailers. In one hundred years (1991) to meet the needs of a modern Museum . to the South-Eastern facade of the old Archaeological Museum prystailove, six-story building, first two floors are used as storage. The greatest interest among the exhibits on display in the old building of the Archaeological Museum are the marble sarcophagi of Royal (IV BC) from the necropolis of Sidon (Sidon, Lebanon). This is the sarcophagus of Sidon Abdalonymos called sarcophagus of Alexander the great, because the decorative friezes on its two long sides depict the scenes of battle and hunting with the participation of the great commander. And the tomb of STRATO, called the sarcophagus of the mourning women, because of the abundance of the weeping inmates of the harem of the voluptuous lords. There is also a collection of sculpture from the archaic period to the Byzantine Empire. The results of archaeological excavations in the valley of the Meander, Aphrodisias, Ephesus, Miletus and Manisa. Continue reading
In the treasure, which was found in the East of Britain, included 26 coins, including gold and silver.
During the excavation in Dovedale (Derbyshire, UK) archeologists from the National Fund, the University of Leicester and participants of the project “Operation Nightingale” discovered a hoard, which contained coins of corieltauvi (early iron age) and Roman times. This is the first case in the UK, so when coins of different origin found together.
The discovery is interesting not only because of the gold coins of the early iron age are rare, but the fact that it was made in the cave. Cave Reynards kitchen ( Reynard”s Kitchen Cave ) man has used them many times over the last 10 thousand years. During excavations in the late 50-ies of XX century there were found stone age tools, animal bones and fragments of pottery.
The first four coins in the cave was found by a local climber who was hiding in it from heavy rain. The climber was with a small IU. Read more ” Continue reading
Archaeologists during excavations found near the village of Artyom in the Primorye two settlements of ancient people of the Neolithic and the iron age, told RIA Novosti on Tuesday head of the Museum archeology and Ethnography of the far Eastern Federal University (FEFU), candidate of historical Sciences Alexander Popov.
“New monuments have been discovered in the suburbs of Artyom during the joint excavations with the students of school No. 18 to help us during the stay in school camp. The first monument – the settlement of the Neolithic age, about 5.5 thousand years of age was found at the mouth of the river Kravichenko. Now this place is the vegetable garden, and fragments of ancient pottery were found on the surface,” – said the Agency interlocutor.
According to him, in addition to ceramics at the site of the ancient settlement scientists and they found various stone objects, including the adze.
“The second monument is found just 100 metres from the houses of the settlement Artemovsky. Here were found remains of dwellings of the age of about 2.5 thousand years. In addition, archaeologists found a whole vessel of the early iron age, as well as fragments of pottery,” – said the Agency interlocutor. Continue reading