Björn Menze of mit and Jason Ur from Harvard have developed a computerized method for the detection of ancient settlements based on satellite data and found the network of cities on the territory of modern Syria.
To search for settlements of ancient Mesopotamia on the territory of 23 thousand square kilometers archaeologists have worked in two directions at once. First, they used satellite images in different wavelength ranges to detect the so-called etrozole, – soils formed as a result of human activity and differing in color and higher content of organic substances. Data were processed automatically using a program written by one of the co-authors of the work, björn Menze, a specialist in the identification of tumors on digital images.
Secondly, the archaeologists used a bump map created in the framework of the program the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission using a radiosonde which was carried out in 2000, the Shuttle “endeavour”. Scholars interested in the place of exaltation of the landscape above the surrounding areas, what to maklovitsami about the long construction at this point. Analyzing the amount of elevation, the authors concluded that the duration of the existence of a settlement.
The resulting map contained about 14 thousands of alleged settlements that occurred in the study area over 8 thousand years. Archeologists noted that when comparing map data with the distribution of rivers and areas of heavy precipitation events, failed to detect large settlements that don’t provide sufficient water. A mismatch may affect the current view of archaeologists about the origin of irrigation, they said. Continue reading
New archaeological discoveries suggest that America was first opened back in the stone age, 10 thousand years before the arrival of the Siberian ancestors of the American Indians. To such conclusion scientists came after a series of finds on the East coast of the US, reports The Independent.
At six locations were found stone artifacts of European origin, Dating back 19 to 26 thousand years, three of them are on the Peninsula Delmarva. Maryland was found by the archaeologist Dr Darrin Lowery of the University of Delaware, two more were found in Pennsylvania and Virginia, and the latter was a simple fisherman found 100 kilometers off the coast of Virginia on the ocean floor, which in prehistoric times was dry land.
The similarity between the artifacts found in America and in Europe, it was noted a long time ago. However, before the age of such finds was made 15 thousand years and belonged to the period when the Europeans had not created such products. That is why most archaeologists denied the possibility of communication between the two cultures.
Recently found stone tools belong to the same period as the European, and are in fact identical copies. What’s more, chemical analysis carried out last year on a stone knife found in Virginia in 1971, showed that he was sdelans of flint French origin.
After analyzing all the evidence, Professor Dennis Stanford from the Smithsonian Institute (USA) and Professor Bruce Bradley from Exeter University (UK) suggested that
stone age people during the ice age migrated from Eastern Europe to North America,
moving on the ice or in boats along the frozen North Atlantic ocean. Continue reading
In Honduras found traces of an ancient civilization. Scientists argue about whether it is possible to consider this sensational discovery of the legendary “White city”.
The results of the expedition to remote and poorly explored jungles of Eastern Honduras demonstrated in 2012, the scanning of the region from the plane: scientists have discovered relics of an ancient civilization that existed before the emergence in Latin America of the Spanish conquistadors. However, archaeologists and historians argue about whether an ancient settlement in La moskitia the legendary “White city”, which was inhabited by an unknown highly advanced culture, like the Mayan culture. German American specialist Nikolai Grube, in particular, cautioned against hasty conclusions, pointing out that the existence of civilization can only speak on the basis of several settlements.
As reported on Monday, March 2, the National Geographic magazine, the expedition discovered the remains in the jungle areas, earthworks and pyramids. Also found the head of the statue depicting a mythical creature – half human, half Jaguar. Scholars date the ruins, which are almost no traces of intrusion, the period between 1000 and 1400 ad, the Opening was made possible in 2012 thanks to the technology of laser scanning, which pozvolila the air to observe the surface of the soil under the jungle of Honduras. Continue reading