In the Archaeological Museum of Istanbul, presents rare works of art belonging to ancient civilizations in different regions from Balkans to Africa, from Anatolia and Mesopotamia to Arab Peninsula and Afghanistan that were part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1881, six years after the transfer of the Imperial Museum of antiquities and weapons from the Church. Irina in the pavilion was Repaired its Director was a prominent Turkish intellectual, artist and archaeologist Osman Hamdi Bey (1842-1910). The new Director has actively worked to transform the Museum . resembling just a warehouse of antique items of various values. Under his leadership, the archaeological excavations on the territory of the Ottoman Empire enriched the collection of the Museum many priceless masterpieces.
In 1891 under the order of Osman Hamdi Bey in Istanbul the famous architect, educated in Paris, Alexander Valluri (1850-1921) built a new building of the Archaeological Museum . called the Museum of sarcophagi (Asar-ı-Atika). In 1903, in connection with the increase in the number of exhibits were added the North wing, and in 1907 and South. In the design of the façade of this neoclassical building is clearly traced the motifs of the style of the most famous exhibits is the sarcophagus of Alexander and the Wailers. In one hundred years (1991) to meet the needs of a modern Museum . to the South-Eastern facade of the old Archaeological Museum prystailove, six-story building, first two floors are used as storage. The greatest interest among the exhibits on display in the old building of the Archaeological Museum are the marble sarcophagi of Royal (IV BC) from the necropolis of Sidon (Sidon, Lebanon). This is the sarcophagus of Sidon Abdalonymos called sarcophagus of Alexander the great, because the decorative friezes on its two long sides depict the scenes of battle and hunting with the participation of the great commander. And the tomb of STRATO, called the sarcophagus of the mourning women, because of the abundance of the weeping inmates of the harem of the voluptuous lords. There is also a collection of sculpture from the archaic period to the Byzantine Empire. The results of archaeological excavations in the valley of the Meander, Aphrodisias, Ephesus, Miletus and Manisa. Continue reading
Many, silenced by the governments of various countries unusual finds will tell a lot. So, the mystery of the age of individual objects from the Earth, fortunately, can be solved. So what is hidden from the eyes of an ordinary citizen?
The most mysterious archaeological finds
Crystal skull (Belize, 1927)
The distant jungles of Belize in the early twentieth century attracted the attention of the famous archaeologist Frederick Mitchell of Hedges. Then, at the beginning of his expedition, the scientist had no idea that will find an incredible crystal skull. An unusual finding was the size of a natural human skull and weighed 5 lbs. rhinestone have not had a single crack or scratch. When you open learned the local Indians, they immediately told the archaeologist that this is one of 13 possible instances created in order to discover the secrets of the universe. When Hedges conducted studies of crystal in the lab, I was shocked, because today unknown technology to create a similar figure.
Stone balls (Costa Rica)
When people discovered the Stonehenge, their surprise knew no bounds. Even now, scientists cannot explain how and why these have been exposed Kuenyehia. To this day, Stonehenge is considered to be the most interesting finding in the world. Continue reading
Archaeology magazine summed up the year and ranked the most important archaeological discoveries and findings.
1. Revealed the composition of a blue dye of the Maya. This paint used to paint Mayan captives destined for sacrifice to the gods. This discovery belongs to the anthropologist from the College Wheaton in Illinois to Dean Arnold. He analyzed the remnants of the substance in the sacrificial bowl, stored in the Chicago natural history Museum field. In the opinion of the scientist, the dye was made from Indigo leaves and clay.
2. In Peru, discovered the mummy of a man who belonged to the Wari culture donkovski, the mummy was at least 1,700 years. The mummy was found in August in burial hill in Lima’s district. The perfectly preserved mummy, she was wrapped in several layers of woolen fabric. On the face of the mummy was wearing a wooden mask, in the eye sockets enclosed blue sea shells. Judging by knitting needles and yarn Madam found near the mummy, it was the burial of a weaver.
3. In Turkey, the site of the ancient city of Samal discovered funerary stele Dating to the eighth century BC. The stele was discovered by the University of Chicago graduate students Virginia Rimmer and Benjamin Thomas. This 350-pound basalt, which bears the inscription of the Phoenician alphabet. In the inscription refers to a certain Kuttamuwa, made an offering of food for the soul, enclosed in this stele. This is evidence that in remineralizing century there already existed the belief that the soul can exist separately from the body. Continue reading